Shad Bikes

Maintaining your bike isn't just another task on your to-do list; It is an investment in your safety, performance and enjoyment every time you go out riding. Imagine that your bike is like a good friend that is always there for you. Like any relationship, it needs attention and care to stay strong.

With proper maintenance, your bike will not only perform better, but you will also extend its life, saving you money on expensive repairs in the long run. Plus, at Shad Bikes, we know that a well-maintained bike is a safe bike. This means that by taking care of her, you are taking care of yourself.

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Tools necessary for the maintenance of your bicycle

To ensure proper maintenance of your bike, it is important to have the correct equipment. Having the right tools on hand not only makes maintenance tasks easier, but it also ensures that you are taking the best possible care of your bike.

Basic tool kit

  • Allen key set: essential for adjusting most bicycle components, including handlebars, saddles and other accessories. Make sure you have a complete set that includes multiple sizes.
  • Tire levers: essential for changing or repairing the chambers of your wheels. They are small plastic levers that help you remove the tire from the rim without damaging it.
  • Air pump: essential for maintaining the proper pressure in your tires, which is crucial for good performance and to avoid punctures.
  • Patch kit: for quick puncture repairs. Make sure your kit includes glue, patches of various sizes, and a small piece of sandpaper to prepare the surface.
  • Chain wrench: necessary to remove or replace your bicycle chain, a fundamental part of maintaining your bicycle.
  • Grease and lubricants: essential to keep the moving parts of your bike running smoothly. Use grease for components that require heavier assembly and lubricants for chain and cables.

Specialized tools

  • Wheel centering: for the most meticulous, this tool allows you to ensure that your wheels are perfectly aligned, improving driving and avoiding uneven wear.
  • Torque wrench: ideal for those components that require specific tightening, ensuring that they are neither too loose nor excessively tight.
  • Cassette and crank puller: If you venture into maintenance beyond the ordinary, these will allow you to remove the cassette from the sprockets and cranks for complete cleaning and maintenance.

Routine maintenance of your bicycle

Routine maintenance of your bicycle is the cornerstone of keeping your bike in perfect condition. You don't need to be a mechanical expert to perform these basic tasks, but it is important that you do them regularly. Here we detail how:

General cleaning

Cleaning is essential in the maintenance of your bicycle. A clean bike not only looks better, it also performs much better.

  1. Start by removing dirt and mud with water and a soft brush.
  2. Pay special attention to the areas where dirt accumulates the most, such as the cassette, chainrings and chain.
  3. Use a bike-specific degreaser on these areas and be sure to rinse thoroughly afterwards.
  4. Dry your bike completely with a clean cloth to prevent corrosion.

Lubrication of key components

Lubrication is vital in the maintenance of your bicycle. A well-lubricated chain reduces wear on both the chain and sprockets and improves pedaling efficiency. But it's not just the chain that needs love; Don't forget the cables, derailleurs and moving parts of the brakes. Remember that less is more. Apply bicycle-specific lubricant in small amounts and remove excess to avoid attracting more dirt.

Visual inspection for wear and damage

A regular visual inspection is essential in the maintenance of your bicycle. Check the tires for cuts or excessive wear, make sure the brakes respond correctly and that there is no play in components such as the handlebars, stem or pedals. Also listen for any unusual noises, as they could indicate a problem that requires attention.

bike adjustment

Brake adjustment and maintenance

When maintaining your bicycle, adjusting the brakes is essential to ensure your safety. If you have shoe brakes, make sure they are properly aligned with the rim and are not rubbing against the tire or too far from the rim. For disc brakes, check that there is no dirt on the discs and that the pads are not excessively worn.

Shift adjustment and transmission system maintenance

Maintaining your bike also involves adjusting the gears correctly. A well-adjusted gearbox ensures a smooth transition between the different gears. Check that when changing gears, the chain moves smoothly from one sprocket to another. If you notice skipping or difficulty, you may need to adjust the shift cable tension or align the derailleur.

Checking and adjusting the steering

For complete maintenance of your bicycle, don't forget to check the steering. This should move freely without play or rigidity. If you feel looseness in the headset, the head tube bearings may need to be adjusted or replaced.

Wheel maintenance

Wheel maintenance is a fundamental pillar in the care of your bicycle. Not only for safety, but also to enjoy smooth and efficient pedaling.

Inspection and maintenance of rims and tires

Rims and tires are the first in the line of contact with the ground, so their condition is critical for the maintenance of your bicycle. Start by checking the tire pressure, adjusting it according to the type of terrain you usually pedal on. Proper pressure will protect you from punctures and irregular wear.

Wheel alignment and spoke check

Correct wheel alignment is essential in maintaining your bicycle. A misaligned wheel can cause handling problems and uneven tire wear. You can check the alignment by turning the wheel and watching for wobble. If so, it may be necessary to adjust the spoke tension to correct the alignment.

Camera replacement and repair

Learning how to change or repair a tube is an essential skill in maintaining your bike. Always carry a puncture repair kit and a spare tube with you, especially on long rides. Changing a tube is relatively simple: remove the wheel, remove the damaged tube, check that the tire is free of sharp objects, fit the new tube and refit the wheel.

Chain maintenance

Chain maintenance is crucial for the proper functioning and durability of your bicycle. A well-maintained chain ensures smooth gear changes and reduces wear on the rest of the drive system.

Chain cleaning and lubrication

We will start with the cleaning. To maintain your bicycle, it is vital that the chain is always clean. The accumulation of grease, dust and other debris not only affects its performance, but also accelerates wear of both the chain and the sprockets and chainrings.

Use a specific degreaser for bicycle chains and a chain cleaning tool or, failing that, an old toothbrush can do the trick. Make sure to give all links, links, and rollers a good scrub.

Once clean, it's time to lubricate. Apply a lubricant suitable for your type of bicycle and riding conditions (there are specific ones for dry or wet conditions). Place a few drops on each link as you rotate the chain, allowing the lubricant to penetrate well. Then, remove excess lubricant with a rag to avoid attracting more dirt.

Checking chain wear and when to replace it

It is important to regularly check chain wear, as a worn chain not only performs poorly, but can also damage other drivetrain components. You can use a chain wear measuring tool to know when it's time to replace it. Generally, if the wear is 0.75% or more, it is time for a new one.

Bearing Component Care

Maintaining bearing components is essential in the overall care of your bicycle. These components include the wheel hubs, bottom bracket bearings, and headset bearings. Its good condition is crucial to guarantee a smooth and efficient drive.

Wheel Hub Maintenance

Hubs are the heart of your wheels and a key component in maintaining your bicycle.

  1. To check them, start by feeling for play in the wheel by moving it from side to side.
  2. If you notice looseness, the bushings probably need adjustment or a more in-depth check.
  3. Disassembling and cleaning the hubs, as well as checking the condition of the bearings and lubricating them properly, will prolong their useful life and improve rolling quality.
  4. Remember, if you don't feel comfortable removing the bushings, it's best to leave it to a professional.

Bottom Bracket Bearing Care

The bottom bracket connects the cranks and chainrings and allows you to pedal. Proper maintenance of your bike includes making sure this area is free of dirt and well lubricated.

Over time, bottom bracket bearings can become worn or damaged due to dirt buildup or lack of lubrication, causing friction and noise. If you notice anything unusual, such as noises or increased resistance when pedaling, it may be time to check your bottom bracket. Cleaning it and changing the bearings if they are damaged will keep your pedaling smooth and efficient.

Steering bearing maintenance

Your bike's steering should move freely, without hard spots or play. Maintenance of your bicycle would not be complete without checking this vital part.

If the steering feels stiff or making noises, it may be a sign that the bearings need attention. Cleaning and lubricating them regularly will prevent problems and ensure precise driving. If the bearings are damaged or severely worn, it is important to replace them to maintain the safety and performance of the bike.

Adjusting posture on the bike

A correct posture on your bicycle is essential not only for your comfort but also to prevent injuries and increase your performance. Adjusting your posture is a crucial part of maintaining your bike, as a bike that fits your body well will allow you to enjoy each ride more.

Saddle and handlebar adjustment for optimal ergonomics

The saddle is one of the most important contact points between you and your bike. For ergonomic maintenance of your bicycle, start by adjusting the height of the saddle.

You should be able to reach the pedals comfortably, with your leg slightly bent when the pedal is at its lowest point. This will help you pedal efficiently and avoid knee injuries.


The position of the saddle also matters: make sure it is level or tilted slightly forward so as not to put unnecessary pressure on your sensitive parts. Additionally, the horizontal adjustment of the saddle (forward or backward) will allow you to find the perfect balance for your pedaling style.


The handlebars, for their part, should allow you to reach the controls comfortably, without stretching too much or feeling cramped. Good maintenance of your bicycle includes checking the height and angle of the handlebars to ensure a relaxed posture, with your elbows slightly bent and shoulders relaxed.

Importance of correct posture to prevent injuries

Maintaining correct posture on the bike not only improves your comfort and performance, but is also crucial for preventing injuries. Poor posture can cause pain in the back, knees and neck, as well as numbness in the hands and feet. During your bike maintenance, take a moment to evaluate your posture and make any necessary adjustments.

Shad Bikes Expert Opinion

Maintaining your bicycle is much more than a simple task; It is an investment in your safety, performance and, above all, your enjoyment. When you keep your bike in top condition, you significantly reduce the chance of accidents and unexpected breakdowns. Think of it as taking care of a good friend who is always there to take you where you need, offering you freedom and adventure in exchange for a little attention and care.

At Shad Bikes, we believe that maintaining your bike should be a regular routine, not something you do only when you notice something is wrong. Prevention is key. For example, a simple check and adjustment of the brakes can make the difference between a safe stop and a scare. Likewise, a well-lubricated chain will not only make your pedaling easier, but will also extend the life of the entire drivetrain.

In our experience, many urban cyclists underestimate the importance of regular cleaning. The accumulation of dirt and grease not only affects the performance of your bike, but also hides possible problems that, if detected in time, could be easily solved. That's why, at Shad Bikes, we always recommend making maintaining your bike a pleasant routine.


The right accessories not only make maintaining your bike easier and more efficient, they can also extend the life of its components and improve your cycling experience. From specialized tools to bike-specific cleaning products, each accessory plays a vital role.

For example, having a good set of allen wrenches, tire levers, and a quality pump will allow you to make basic adjustments and essential repairs. Likewise, specific lubricants and degreasers for bicycles are essential to keep the chain and moving components in perfect condition, ensuring optimal performance and less resistance to pedaling.

In addition, we cannot forget the protection and safety accessories, such as mudguards, which not only protect your bike from mud and dirt, but also contribute to your comfort by preventing unwanted splashes. Likewise, a good set of lights is essential not only to be seen, but also to see, ensuring that the maintenance of your bike allows you to enjoy it at any time of the day.